Ethics and Moral Values 3rd Semester Question Answer

Ethics and Moral Values 3rd Semester Question Answer


Master Ethics and Moral Values 3rd Semester Question Answer with concise answers to key short questions. Ace your exams & boost your understanding of ethical principles

Ethics and Moral Values 3rd Semester Question Answer

Q1.What is the current NDPS Act?

The NDPS Act has since been amended four times — in 1988, 2001, 2014 and 2021. The Act extends to the whole of India and it applies also to all Indian citizens outside India and to all persons on ships and aircraft registered in India. The Narcotics Control Bureau was set up under the act with effect from March 1986.

Q2What is punishment under NDPS Act?

The punishment for this offence includes rigorous imprisonment of a term not less than ten years with an extension of up to twenty years along with a fine, not being less than one lakh rupees but can be increased up to two lakh rupees. Section 20: Punishment for contravention in relation to cannabis plant and cannabis.

Q3. Is NDPS bailable or non bailable?

Section 37 of NDPS Act:Offences under this Act are cognizable and non-bailable. (ii) where the Public Prosecutor opposes the application, the court is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for believing that he is not guilty of such offence and that he is not likely to commit any offence while on bail.

Q4.What is COTPA act?

The Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products (Prohibition of Advertisement and Regulation of Trade and Commerce, Production, Supply and Distribution) Act, 2003 or COTPA, 2003 is an Act of Parliament of India enacted in 2003 to prohibit advertisement of, and to provide for the regulation of trade and commerce in, and production, supply and distribution of cigarettes and other tobacco products in India.

Q5.What is the newest COTPA act?

(1) This Act may be called the Cigarettes and other Tobacco Products (Prohibition of Advertisement and Regulation of Trade and Commerce, Production, Supply and Distribution) Amendment Act, 2020. (2) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.

Q6.What is AIDS ?

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a chronic, potentially life-threatening condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). By damaging your immune system, HIV interferes with your body’s ability to fight infection and disease.

Q7.What are different types of drugs?

Drugs can be categorised by the way in which they affect our bodies:
depressants – slow down the function of the central nervous system
hallucinogens – affect your senses and change the way you see, hear, taste, smell or feel things
stimulants – speed up the function of the central nervous system.
Some drugs affect the body in many ways and can fall into more than one category. For example, cannabis appears in all 3 categories.
a) Depressants
Depressants slow down the messages between the brain and the body — they don’t necessarily make you feel depressed. The slower messages affect:
*your concentration and coordination
*your ability to respond to what’s happening around you.
Small doses of depressants can make you feel relaxed, calm and less inhibited.
Larger doses can cause sleepiness, vomiting and nausea, unconsciousness and even death.
Examples include:
*benzodiazepines (minor tranquillisers such as Valium)
*GHB (gamma-hydroxybutyrate)
*opioids (heroin, morphine, codeine).
b) Hallucinogens
Hallucinogens change your sense of reality – you can have hallucinations. Your senses are distorted and the way you see, hear, taste, smell or feel things is different. For example, you may see or hear things that are not really there, or you may have unusual thoughts or feelings.
Small doses can cause a feeling of floating, numbness, confusion, disorientation, or dizziness.
Larger doses may cause hallucinations, memory loss, distress, anxiety, increased heart rate, paranoia, panic and aggression.
Examples include:
*LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide)
*psilocybin (magic mushrooms)
*PCP (phencyclidine).
c) Stimulants
Stimulants speed up the messages between the brain and the body. This can cause:
*your heart to beat faster
*your blood pressure to go up
*your body temperature to go up – leading to heat exhaustion or even heat stroke
*reduced appetite

Q8. what do you mean by drug dependence?

Drug dependence is defined as a psychic and physical state of the person characterized by behavioral and other responses resulting in compulsions to take a drug, on a continuous or periodic basis in order to experience its psychic effect and at times to avoid the discomfort of its absence.

Q9.what is stunting?

Child stunting refers to a child who is too short for his or her age and is the result of chronic or recurrent malnutrition. Stunting is a contributing risk factor to child mortality and is also a marker of inequalities in human development. Stunted children fail to reach their physical and cognitive potential.

Q10. What is ISDS?

Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) Mechanisms and the Right to a Clean, Healthy, and Sustainable Environment. Joint Submission from IISD, CIEL, and ClientEarth on the Call for Inputs from the UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Environment.
Investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) is a mechanism in a free trade agreement (FTA) or investment treaty that provides foreign investors, including Australian investors overseas, with the right to access an international tribunal to resolve investment disputes.

Q11. Define transgender?

Transgender describes a person whose gender identity differs from the sex assigned at birth. Gender identity is a person’s inherent sense of being female, male, or an alternative gender.

Q12. What are the economic impacts of alcohol?

The economic consequences of alcohol consumption can be severe, particularly for the poor. Apart from money spent on drinks, heavy drinkers may suffer other economic problems such as lower wages and lost employment opportunities, increased medical and legal expenses, and decreased eligibility for loans.

Q13. What are the social impact of alcohol ?

The harmful effects of alcohol misuse are far reaching and range from accidents and injuries to disease and death, as well as consequences for family, friends, and the larger society. Economic costs attributed to excessive alcohol consumption are considerable.

Q14. what are the social effect of alcohol?

The harmful effects of alcohol misuse are far reaching and range from accidents and injuries to disease and death, as well as consequences for family, friends, and the larger society. Economic costs attributed to excessive alcohol consumption are considerable.

Q15. what are the economical impact of drugs ?

According to UNDCP report, the economic effects of drug abuse can be measured in two forms, i.e. cost of government drug enforcement polices and the lost human productivity such as lost wages and decreased production that results from illness and premature deaths related to drug abuse.

Q16. what are social cause of drugs?

There are many social and ethical issues surrounding the use and abuse of drugs. These issues are made complex particularly because of conflicting values concerning drug use within modern societies. Values may be influenced by multiple factors including social, religious, and personal views.

what are social determinants of addiction ?
focused on changing individual behaviours, such efforts can have only limited impact when changes are not made to the environment, that is, to the social determinants of drug use. These include the social and cultural environment, the economic environment and the physical environment.

Q17.What are social factors in ethics?
Cultural norms, the Internet and friends and family are three social factors that can affect ethical behavior. Different cultures have norms that vary from place to place in the business world. For example, you might have to face a request for a bribe in order to conduct business in certain countries.

Q18.What are economic values in ethics?

Economic value is then taken to be the means-value. In China today, many take the economy to be the basis of the society while ethics is seen as the superstructure. These people claim that the criterion for assessing whether something has ethical value is whether it furthers the realization of economic value.

Q19. What are the 3 important social factors?

In this lesson, we will consider some of the social and cultural factors that affect development. We can group these factors into three broad categories – discrimination, population and culture. Discrimination: In societies all around the world, certain groups are discriminated against.

Q20. What is the social theory of addiction?

Social learning theory states that our environment is just as influential as genetics or psychological traits in the development of an addiction. Observations of another’s behavior can also make us vulnerable to addiction.

Q21.What is socio-cultural theory?
The sociocultural theory of cognitive development explores the influence the world has on individual development. It asserts that learning is a mostly social process whereby development occurs through interactions with people who possess more knowledge or skill than the learner.

Q22.What is the relationship between addiction and poverty?

The relationship between addiction and poverty is complicated. Lower income people are slightly more likely to struggle with drug or alcohol abuse, but this doesn’t necessarily mean that poverty causes addiction. In some cases, financial troubles are the result of a substance use disorder.

Q23. How is alcoholism a cause of poverty?
The vicious cycle of poverty. Poverty results from a complex mix of many different interrelated factors affecting the lives of poor people and communities. In this complex mix, alcohol is often found to be fueling the vicious cycle of poverty.

Q24. What are the causes of poverty?

Lack of good jobs/job growth.
2: Lack of good education. The second root cause of poverty is a lack of education.
3: Warfare/conflict.
4: Weather/climate change.
5: Social injustice.
6: Lack of food and water.
7: Lack of infrastructure.
8: Lack of government support.

Q25. How to solve poverty?

*Educate children.
*Provide clean water.
*Ensure basic health care.
*Empower a girl or woman.
*Improve childhood nutrition.
*Support environmental programs.
*Reach children in conflict.
*Prevent child marriage.

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